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Disaster Management

A huge disruption that occurs over a short or long period of time and can be caused by either nature or man is referred to as a disaster. Disasters can result in hardships for people, things, the economy, or the environment that are greater than what the affected society can bear. According to data, India as a whole is susceptible to 30 different types of disasters, which would have a long-term impact on macroeconomic performance and the capacity for economic, social, and human growth.
Floods, hailstorms, cloudbursts, cyclones, heat waves, cold waves, droughts, and hurricanes are examples of water and climate disasters.

Landslides, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and tornadoes are examples of geological disaster.

Biological catastrophes include pest infestations, livestock epidemics, viral pandemics, and locust plagues.

Oil spills, mining shaft fires, industrial mishaps involving chemicals, Nuclear catastrophes include nuclear core meltdowns and radiation exposure.

Man-made catastrophes include forest and urban fires, oil spills, and the collapse of large buildings.

Agencies involved in Disaster Management

  • National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)
  • National Executive Committee (NEC)
  • State Disaster Management Authority (SDMA)
  • District Disaster Management Authority (DDMA)
  • Local Authorities